Details Syllabus of BSc Nursing 1st Year With Free PDF-2022

Nursing is a reputed career field in India. Syllabus of BSc Nursing 1st year helps you to gain knowledge about anatomy & physiology, microbiology, biochemistry, and psychology. This also helps you score good marks in your 1st-year exam. This article provides complete information about the syllabus of the BSc nursing 1st year.

BSc Nursing is a four years graduate course, so you need proper information about BSc nursing after pursuing this course. you can easily gain knowledge about BSc nursing from the article “B.Sc Nursing Course, Admission, Colleges, Best Jobs and Salary 2022” End of this article you will get a BSc nursing 1st Year syllabus pdf.

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Syllabus of BSc Nursing 1st Year
Details Syllabus of BSc Nursing 1st Year With Free PDF

In this B.Sc nursing syllabus, students can award about all subjects in 1st year. According to the Indian nursing council syllabus for nursing pdf students read Anatomy and Physiology, Microbiology, Biochemistry, Nutrition, Nursing Foundations, & Psychology in their first year.

B.Sc Nursing Syllabus 2022 PDF Download

The latest BSc Nursing 1st Year syllabus includes both theoretical and practical parts. Here we mention all the subjects according to the nursing syllabus INC.

From the B.Sc Nursing Syllabus 2022 Pdf, you will get the exact idea about the syllabus of BSc nursing 1st Year Subjects name, subject code of theories paper as well as practical paper. You can download it in PDF format from the below link.

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Anatomy Syllabus of BSc Nursing 1st year

This course is designed to help develop students’ knowledge about the human body systems & anatomical structures. Besides, the anatomy syllabus of BSc nursing 1st year helps the students carry good marks in their exams. The syllabus of BSc nursing 1st year is very important for first-year students.


Unit-:1Introduction to Anatomical terms of the human body:

  • Human Cell structure.
  • Tissues
    • Definition, Types, classification, characteristics, location, functions and formation
  • Membranes and glands-
    • classification and structure

Unit-:2 The Skeletal System

  • Bones –Structure and types, Axial & Appendicular Skeleton,
  • Bone formation and growth
  • Description of bones
  • Joints – Classification and structure

Unit-:3 The Muscular System

  • Types and structure of muscles
  • Muscle group alterations in disease applications in nursing.

Unit-:4 The Nervous system

  • Structure of neurologic & neurons
  • Somatic Nervous system
    • Structure of brain, spinal nerves, spinal cord, peripheral nerves & cranial nerves.
  • Autonomic nervous System- sympathetic, parasympathetic
    • Structure & location

Unit-:5 The Sensory System

  • Structure of skin, nose, eye, tongue, and ear, (Auditory and olfactory apparatus)
  • Alterations in disease
  • Applications and implications in nursing

Unit-:6 Circulatory and lymphatic system

  • The Circulatory System
    • Blood – Microscopic structure
    • Structure of Heart
    • Structure of blood vessels- Venous & Arterial System,
    • Circulation: systemic, coronary and the pulmonary
  • Lymph, Lymphatic System & Lymphatic vessels
    • Lymphatic tissues
      1. Thymus gland
      2. lymph nodes
      3. Spleen
      4. Lymphatic Nodules
  • Alterations in disease
  • Applications and implications in nursing

Unit-:7 The Respiratory System

  • Structure of organs of respiration
  • Muscles of respiration: Intercostals and Diaphragm
  • Alterations in disease
  • Applications and the implications in nursing.

Unit-:8 The Digestive System

  • Structure of the Alimentary tract and the accessory organs of digestion.
  • Alterations in disease
  • Applications and implications in nursing

Unit-:9 The Excretory System(Urinary)

  • Structure of organs of the urinary.
  • System: Kidney, urethra, ureters, urinary bladder, the structure of the skin.
  • Alterations in disease
  • Applications and implications in nursing

Unit-:10 The Endocrine System

  • Structure of Pituitary, Thyroid, Pancreas, Adrenal, Parathyroid, and thymus glands
  • Alterations in disease
  • Applications and implications in nursing

Unit-:11 The Reproductive System including the breast

  • Structure of female reproductive organs
  • Structure of male reproductive organ
  • Structure of breast
  • Alterations in disease
  • Applications and implications in Nursing

Physiology Syllabus of BSc Nursing 1st Year

This Subject is specially included in the syllabus of BSc nursing 1st year to help students to gain knowledge of the physiology of the human body system and understand the adjustment in physiology in disease and the practice of nursing.


Unit-:1 Cell Physiology

  • Tissue – formation, repair
  • Membranes & glands –functions
  • Alterations in disease
  • Applications and implications in Nursing

Unit-:2 Skeletal System

  • Bone formation and growth
  • Bones – movements & function of bones of the appendicular and axial skeleton, bone healing.
  • Joints and joint movement
  • Alterations in disease
  • Applications and implications in Nursing

Unit-:3 Muscular System

  • Muscle movements, levels, Muscle tone and maintenance of posture
  • Physiology of muscle contraction,
  • Alterations in disease
  • Applications and implications in Nursing

Unit-:4 Nervous System

  • Functions of Neuralgia & Neurons
  • Stimulus & Nerve-
    • Impulse Definitions & Mechanism
  • Functions of the brain, spinal cord, spinal and cranial nerves.
  • Cerebrospinal fluid- Function and composition circulation.
  • Reflex arc, reflex action and reflexes
  • Autonomic functions –
    • Pain: Somatic, visceral and referred
    • Autonomic learning and biofeedback.
    • Alterations in disease
    • Applications and implications in nursing

Unit-:5 Circulatory System

  •  Blood formation, blood groups, composition, blood coagulation.
  • Haemoglobin: Synthesis, estimation, Structure and breakdown, Variation of molecules.
  • Functions of Heart, Conduction, & Cardiac cycle,
  • circulation – Principles, factors influencing BP and Pulse and Control.
  •  Alterations in disease
  • Application and implications in nursing.

Unit-:6 The Respiratory System

  • Functions of the respiratory organs.
  • Physiology of respiration
  • Pulmonary ventilation & Volume
  • Mechanics of respiration
  • Gaseous exchange in lungs
  • Carriage of oxygen & carbon dioxide.
  • Exchange of gases in tissues
  • Regulation of respiration
  • Alterations in disease
  • Applications and implications in Nursing

Unit-:7 The Digestive System

  • Functions of organs of the digestive tract. Movements of the alimentary tract,
  • Digestion in mouth, small intestines, stomach, Large intestines, Absorption of food.
  • Functions of the Pancreas, gall bladder & Liver
  • Metabolism of carbohydrates, protein and fat

Unit-:8 The Excretory System

  • Functions of kidneys, urethra, ureters, & urinary bladder.
  • Composition of urine
  • Mechanism of urine formation
  • Function of skin
  • Regulation of body temperature
  • Fluid and electrolyte balance
  • Alteration in disease
  • Application and implication in Nursing

Unit-:9 The Sensory Organs

  • Functions of skin, nose, tongue, eye & ear.
  • Alteration in diseases
  • Application and Implication in nursing.

Unit-:10 The Endocrine System

  • Functions of Pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid, pineal body, thymus, pancreas, Suprarenal, Placenta and ovaries & Testes

Unit-:11 The Reproductive System

  • Reproduction of cells – DNA, Mitosis, Meiosis, Spermatogenesis and oogenesis
  • Functions of female reproductive
  • Organs; Functions of breast & Female sexual cycle.
  • Introduction to embryology
  • Functions of male reproductive Organs, male fertility system and male function in reproduction.

Unit-:12 Lymphatic and Immunological System

  • Circulation of lymph
  • Immunity:
    • Formation of B-cells and T cells
    • Types of Immune response
    • Antigens and Cytokines
    • Antibodies

Nutrition Syllabus of BSc Nursing 1st year

Syllabus of BSc nursing 1st year helps students to gain knowledge of nutrition for maintaining optimum health at different stages of life and its application in Nursing. Everyone can get a good mark if they follow the syllabus of bsc nursing syllabus INC.


Unit-:1 Introduction:

  • Nutrition:
    • History
    • Concepts
  • Role of nutrition in maintaining health.
  • The nutritional problem in India
  • National nutritional policy
  • Factors affecting foods and Nutrition:
    • Socio-Cultural, Production, economic, tradition, Lifestyle, System of distribution & food habits etc.
  • Role of food and its medical value.
  • classification of foods
  • Food Standards
  • Elements of Nutrition:– Micro-elements and macro elements.
  • Caloric value

Unit-:2 Carbohydrates

  • Classifications
  • Caloric value
  • Function
  • Recommended daily allowances dietary sources.
  • Digestion, absorption, storage & metabolism of carbohydrates
  • Multinutriiton: Deficiencies and overconsumption.

Unit-:3 Fats

  • Classification
  • Function
  • Caloric value
  • Dietary sources
  • Recommended daily allowances
  • Digestion, absorption, storage and metabolism.
  • Malnutrition: Deficiencies and overconsumption.

Unit-:4 Proteins

  • Classification
  • Function
  • Caloric value
  • Dietary sources
  • Recommended daily allowances
  • Digestion, absorption, storage and metabolism.
  • Malnutrition: Deficiencies and overconsumption.

Unit-:5 Energy

  • Unit of Energy- Kcal
  • Energy requirements of the different categories of people
  • Measurements of energy
  • Body Mass Index (BMI) and basic metabolism.
  • Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR)- Determination and factor affection.

Unit-:6 Vitamins

  • Classification
  • Dietary sources
  • functions
  • Recommended daily allowance
  • Synthesis, absorption, storage, metabolism and excretions.
  • Deficiencies
  • Hypervitaminosis

Unit-:7 Mineral

  • Classification
  • Dietary sources
  • functions
  • Recommended daily allowance
  • Synthesis, absorption, storage, metabolism and excretions.
  • Deficiencies
  • Over consumption and toxicity

Unit-:8 Water & Electrolytes

  • Water:
    • Daily requirements
    • Regulation of water metabolism
    • Distribution of body water.
  • Electrolytes: Types, sources and composition of body fluids.
  • Maintenance of fluids & Electrolytes balance.
  • Overhydration, dehydration and water intoxication
  • Electrolytes imbalances.

Unit-:9 Cookery Rules & Preservation of Nutrients

  • Principles, methods of cooking and serving.
    • Preservation of nutrients
  • Safe Foods handling – toxicity
  • Storages of food.
  • Food Preservations, foods additives & its principles.
  • Prevention of foods adulteration Act (PFA)
  • Foods standards
  • Simple beverages preparation and different types of food.

Unit-:10 Balance Diet

  • Elements
  • Foods Groups
  • Recommended Daily Allowance
  • Nutritive value of foods
  • For different categories of people, balanced diets are calculated.
  • Budgeting of food
  • Planning the menu
  • Introduction to therapeutic diets:– Naturopathy – Diet

Unit:- 11 Nurse Role in Nutritional Programme

  • National programme Related to Nutrition
    • Vitamin A deficiency programme.
    • National iodine deficiency disorders (IDD) programme.
    • Mid-day meal programme
    • Integrated child development scheme (ICDS)
  • Agencies of International & National working towards foods / nutrition
    • NIPCCD, NIN, FAO, CARE & CFTERI (Central food technology & research institude) etc.
  • Assessment of nutritional status
  • Nutrition education & role of the nurse.

Biochemistry Syllabus of BSc Nursing 1st Year

BSc Nursing 1st Year Syllabus pdf comprises important subject Biochemistry. Those students who gain to perfect their knowledge of biochemical composition and their functioning in the human body must follow the syllabus of BSc nursing 1st year.


Unit:-1 Introduction:

  • Definition and significance in nursing
  • Review of composition, structure & function of the cell.
  • Prokaryote and Eukaryote cell organization
  • Microscopy

Unit:- 2 Structure & Functions of Cell Membrane:

  • Fluid mosaic model tight junction & cytoskeleton.
  • Transport, mechanism:
    • diffusion, filtration, osmosis, active.
    • Channel, sodium pump.
  • Acid-base balance maintenance & diagnostic test.
  • PH buffers

Unit:- 3 Composition & Metabolism of Carbohydrates

  • Structure, Types, composition & uses of carbohydrates:
    • Monosaccharide,
    • Disaccharides,
    • Polysaccharides,
    • Oligosaccharides.
  • Metabolism:
    • Pathways of glucose:
      • Glycolysis
      • Gluconeogenesis: Cori’s cycle, Tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle.
      • Glycogenolysis
      • Pentose Phosphate pathways (Hexosemono phosphate)
    • Regulation of blood glucose level. Investigations and their Interpretations.

Unit:- 4 Composition & Metabolism of Lipids

  • Structure, types, composition and uses of fatty acids:
    • Nomenclature, Roles and postaglandins.
  • Metabolism of fatty acid :
    • Breakdown
    • Synthesis
  • Metabolism of triacylglycerols
  • Cholesterol Metabolism :
    • Biosynthesis and its Regulation:
      • Bile salts and bilirubin
      • Vitamin – D
      • Steroid hormones
  • Lipoproteins and their Functions:
    • VLDLs – IDLs, LDLs and HDLs
    • Transport of lipids
    • Atherosclerosis, Investigations and their interpretations.

Unit:- 5 Composition and Metabolism of Amino Acids & Proteins

  • structure, types, composition and uses of amino acids and proteins.
  • Metabolism of amino acids & proteins:
    • Protein synthesis, glycosylation & targeting
    • Chromatography
    • Electrophoresis
    • Sequencing
  • Metabolism of Nitrogen :
    • Fixation and Assimilation
    • Urea Cycle
    • Hemes and chlorophylls
  • Enzymes and coenzymes:
    • Classification
    • Properties
    • Kinetics and Inhibition
    • Control
  • Investigations and their interpretations

Unit:- 6 Composition and Vitamins & Minerals

  • Vitamins and minerals
    • Structure
    • Classification
    • Properties
    • Absorption
    • Storage and transportation
    • Normal Concentration
  • Investigations and their interpretations

Unit:- 7 Immunochemistry

  • Immune response.
  • Structure and classification of immunoglobins.
  • Mechanism of antibody Production.
  • Antigens: HLA typing
  • Free radical & antioxidants.
  • Specialized Protein:
    • Collagen, Myosin, Elastin, Lens Protein, Keratin.
  • Electrophoretic and Quantitative & determination of immunoglobins, ELISA etc.
  • Investigations and their interpretations

Nursing Foundations Syllabus of BSc Nursing 1st year

This particular subject is built to enable students to perfect their knowledge of theories, philosophy, objectives and processes of nursing in various operating Clinical. Syllabus of bsc nursing 1st year helps them to aware that how many topics need to cover in bsc first year.

Nursing Foundations

Unit:-1 Introduction

  • Health Concept: Health– Illness continuum
  • Factors influencing health
  • Causes and the risk factors for developing the illness.
  • Body defences: Immunity & immunization.
  • Illness and illness Behaviour:
  • Impact of illness on patient & family.
  • Health Care Services:
    • Primary Care, Health Promotion, Prevention, Diagnosis, Treatment, Continuing care & rehabilitation.
  • Health care teams
  • Types of health care agencies:
  • Hospitals: Organisation, types and functions
  • Health Promotion and Levels of Disease Prevention
  • In the primary health care role of nurses & delivery.

Unit:-2 Nursing as a profession

  • Definition and Characteristics of the Nursing profession.
  • Definition, philosophy, Concepts, & objectives.
  • Nature, scope & characteristics of Nursing practice.
  • Functions of nurse
  • Qualities of a nurse
  • Categories of nursing personnel
  • Nursing as a profession
  • History of Nursing in India
  • Values: Definition, Types, Clarification of value &
  • Values in professional Nursing: Caring and Advocacy
  • Ethics:
  • Definition and Ethical principles
  • Code of Ethics &
  • professional conduct for nurses

Unit:-3 Hospital Admission & Discharge

  • Admission to the hospital
  • Unit and its preparation- admission bed
  • Admission procedure
  • Special considerations
  • Medico-legal issues
  • Roles and Responsibilities of the Nurses.
  • Discharge from the hospital.
  • Types: LAMA, abscond & Planned discharge, Referrals and transfers
  • Discharge Planning
  • Discharge procedure
  • Special considerations
  • Medico-legal issues
  • Roles and Responsibilities of the nurse
  • Care of the unit after discharge

Unit:-4 Communication and Nurse patient relationship

  • Communication: Types, Levels, Process, Elements, Modes, & Factors Influencing communication.
  • Methods of Effective Communication,
    • Attending skills
    • Rapport building skills
    • Empathy skills
  • Barriers to effective communication.
  • Helping Relationships (NPR):
    • Dimensions of Helping Relationships,
    • Phases of a helping relationship
  • Communicating effectively with patients,
  • Families and team members and
  • Maintaining effective human relations with special reference to communicating with a vulnerable group (children, women, physically and mentally challenged and elderly).
  • Patient Teaching:
    • Importance, Purposes & Process,
    • The role of the nurse and integrating teaching in the Nursing Process.

Unit:-5 The Nursing Process:

  • Critical Thinking and Nursing judgement.
  • Critical Thinking: Thinking and Learning
  • Competencies, Attitudes for Critical Thinking & Levels of Critical Thinking in Nursing.
  • Nursing Process overview:
  • Application in Practice
  • Nursing Process format: INC & Current format
  • Assessment:
    • Collection of data: Types, Sources & methods
  • Formulating Nursing Judgement: Data interpretation
  • Nursing Diagnosis:
  • Identification of client problem.
  • Nursing diagnosis statement.
  • Difference between Medical & Nursing diagnosis.
  • Planing
  • Establishing Priorities
  • Establishing Goals and Expected Outcomes,
  • Selection of interventions: Protocols and Standing Orders
  • Writing the Nursing care plan
  • Implementation
  • Implementation of the plan of care.
  • Evaluation
  • Outcome of care
  • Review and modify
  • Documentation and Reporting

Unit:-6 Documentation and Reporting

  • Documentation: Purposes of Recording and reporting
  • Communication within the Health Care Team
  • Types of records; ward records, medical/nursing records,
  • Common Record-Keeping forms, & Computerized documentation
  • Guidelines for Reporting: Accuracy, Currentness, Factual Basis, Confidentiality Completeness, Organization.
  • Methods of Recording,
  • Reporting:
    • Shift reports change; Incident reports & transfer reports.
  • Minimizing legal Liability through effective record keeping.

Unit:-7 Vital signs:

  • Guidelines for taking vital sign
  • Body temperature:
    • Regulation, Physiology, &
    • factors affecting body temperature.
  • Assessment of body temperature:
    • Equipment & technique, Sites & special Considerations.
    • Temperature alterations: Hyperthermia, Heatstroke Hypothermia
    • Hot and cold applications
  • Pulse:
    • Physiology and Regulation.
    • Characteristics of the pulse.
    • Factors affecting pulse
    • Assessment of pulse:
      • Location, Sites, equipment and technique, & special consideration.
    • Alterations in pulse:
  • Respiration:
    • Physiology & Regulation, Mechanics of breathing Characteristics of the respiration, Factors affecting respiration.
    • Assessment of respirations: Technique & special consideration
    • Alterations in respiration.
  • Blood pressure:
    • Physiology & regulation, Factors affecting blood pressure & Characteristics of the blood pressure.

Unit:-8 Health assessment

  • Purpose
  • Process of Health assessment
    • Health History
    • Physical examination methods-
      • Percussion, Auscultation, Olfaction, Inspection & Palpation,
      • Preparation for examination: patient and unit
      • General assessment
      • Assessment of each body system
      • Recording of health assessment

Unit:-9 Machinery, Equipment and linen

  • Types: Disposables and reusables-Linen, rubber goods, glassware, metal, plastics, furniture, machinery
  • Introduction:
    • Indent
    • Maintenance
    • Inventory

Unit:-10 Meeting needs of the patient

  • Basic needs (Activities of daily living)
    • Providing a safe & clean environment:
    • Physical-environment: Humidity, odour, light, temperature, ventilation, noise & pests control.
    • Reduction of Physical hazards: fire, accidents
    • Safety devices: Restraints, airways, side rails,& trapeze etc.
  • Hygiene:-
    • Factors Influencing Hygienic Practice
    • Hygienic care: Oral cavity, Eye, Ears, & Care of the Skin-Bath and pressure points, feet and nails, Hair Care, and Nose
    • Principles, Types, Assessment, Equipment, Procedure, & Special Considerations.
      • Patient environment: Room Equipment and linen,& making patient beds.
    • Types of beds and bed making
    • Comfort:-
      • Factors Influencing comfort
      • Comfort devices
  • Physiological needs:
    • Sleep and Rest:
      • Physiology of sleep
      • Factors affecting sleep
      • Promoting Rest and sleep
      • Sleep Disorders
    • Nutrition:-
      • Importance
      • Factors affecting nutritional needs
      • Assessment of Nutritional Needs: variables
      • Equipment, Principles of Meeting Nutritional Needs, procedure & the special consideration.
    • Oral
    • Enteral : Naso/Orogastirc, gastrostomy
    • Parenteral
  • Urinary Elimination:
    • Review of the Physiology of Urine Elimination, Composition of urine
    • & characteristics of urine
    • Factors Influencing Urination
    • Alternation in Urinary Elimination
    • Types and Collection of urine specimens: Observation, urine testing
    • Facilitating urine elimination:
      • assessment, types, equipment, procedures and special consideration
    • Alternation in Urinary Elimination
    • Types and Collection of urine specimens: Observation,& urine testing
    • Facilitating urine elimination:
      • Types, assessment, equipment, procedures and special considerations.
    • Providing urinal/bedpan
    • Condom drainage
    • Perineal care
    • Catheterization
    • Care of urinary drainage
    • Care of urinary
    • diversions
    • Bladder irrigation
  • Bowel Elimination:
    • Bowel Elimination physiological review, Composition & the characteristics of faeces.
    • Factors affecting Bowel elimination.
    • Alteration in Bowel elimination.
    • Types and Collection of specimens of faeces: observation.
    • Facilitating bowel elimination: assessment, equipment, procedures & special consideration.
    • Passing of Flatus tube
    • Enemas
    • Suppository
    • Sitz bath
    • Bowel wash
    • Care of Ostomies
  • Mobility and Immobility:
    • Principles of Body Mechanics
    • Maintenance of normal body Alignment and mobility]
    • Factors affecting body alignment and mobility
    • Hazards associated with immobility
    • Alternation in body Alignment and mobility
    • interruption of nursing For the Disabled Body Alignment & Mobility:
      • Types, assessment, method, devices used, special considerations,& rehabilitation aspects.
      • Range of motion exercises
      • Maintaining body alignment: Positions
      • Moving
      • Lifting
      • Transferring
      • Walking
      • Restraints
  • Oxygenation:
    • Review of Cardiovascular and Respiratory Physiology
    • Factors Affecting Oxygenation
    • Alterations in oxygenation
    • Nursing interruption in oxygenation:
      • Types, assessment, equipment used, procedure & special consideration.
    • Maintenance of patent airway
    • Oxygen administration
    • Suction
    • Inhalations: dry and moist
    • Chest Physiotherapy
    • postural drainage
    • Care of Chest drainage
    • Pulse oximetry
    • CPR-Basic life support
  • Fluid, Acid-Base Balances & electrolyte:
    • The Physiological review of Regulation of Fluid, Acid-Base balance & Electrolyte.
    • Factors Affecting Fluid, Electrolyte and Acid-Base balance
    • Alterations in Electrolyte, fluid,& acid-base balance
    • Nursing interventions in Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid
    • Base Imbalances:
      • Types, equipment, assessment, procedure & special consideration.
    • Measuring fluid intake and output
    • Correcting Fluid, Electrolyte Imbalance:
      • Replacement of fluids:
        1. Parenteral & oral:- Venipuncture, Changing IV dressing, regulating IV Flow rates & changing IV solutions and tubing.
      • √ Administering Blood transfusion
      • √ Restriction of fluids
  • Psychosocial Needs:
    • Sexuality, Concepts of Cultural Diversity, Self-concept, Stress & Adaptation, Spiritual Health Coping with loss &, death and grieving.
    • Assessments of psychosocial needs
    • Nursing intervention for psychological needs:
      • Assist with coping and adaptation
      • Creating therapeutic environments.
    • Recreational and diversional therapies

Unit:-11 Infection control in Clinical settings:

  • Infection control:
    • Nature of infection
    • Chain of infection transmission
    • Defences against infection: natural and acquired.
    • Hospital-acquired infection (Nosocomialinfection )
  • Concept of asepsis:
    • Medical asepsis
    • Surgical asepsis
  • Isolation precautions (Barrier nursing):
    • Hand washing:
      • simple,
      • hand antisepsis &
      • surgical antisepsis (scrub).
    • Isolation: source & protective
    • Personal protecting equipment: types, uses and techniques of wearing and removing.
    • Decontamination of equipment and unit.
    • Transportation of infected patients.
    • Standard safety precautions (Universal precautions)
    • Transmission based precautions
  • Biomedical Waste Management:
    • Importance
    • Type of hospital waste
    • Hazards associated with hospital waste
    • Decontamination of hospital waste
    • Segregation and Transportation and disposal.

Unit:-12 Administration of Medication

  • General Principles/Considerations:
    • Purposes of Medication
    • Principles: Prescriptions, Safety in Administering Medications and Medication Errors & special Considerations.
    • Drug forms
    • Routes of administration
    • Storage & maintenance of drugs and Nurses’ responsibility.
    • Broad classification of drugs.
    • Therapeutic Effects, Side Effects, Toxic Effects, Idiosyncratic Reaction, Allergic Reactions, Drug Tolerance, Drug Interactions.
    • Factors Influencing drug action.
    • Systems of Drug Measurement: Apothecary System, Metric System, Household Measurements & Solutions.
    • Converting Measurements Units: Dosage Calculation, Conversion within one system & Conversion between systems.
    • Abbreviations & terminology used in prescriptions of medication.
    • Oral Drugs Administration:
      • Oral, Buccal & Sublingual: Equipment & procedure.
  • Parenteral:
    • General principles:
      • decontamination &
      • disposal of syringes and needles.
    • Types of parenteral therapies
    • Types of syringes, needles, infusion sets & cannula.
    • safety from the needle stick Injuries:
      • Provide medication with a safety syringe.
    • Routes of parenteral therapies:
      • Intradermal:
        1. purpose, equipment, site, procedure, & special considerations.
      • Subcutaneous:
        1. purpose, site, equipment, procedure, special considerations
      • Intra Venous:
        1. purpose, site, equipment, procedure, and special considerations.
      • Advanced techniques:
        1. Epidural, intrathecal, intraosseous, intraperitoneal, intrapleural, intraarterial-Role of nurse
  • Topical Administration: purposes, equipment, Site, procedure & special considerations for-
    • Application to Skin
    • Application to the mucous membrane
      1. application of liquids-Gargle & swabbing the throat
      2. Drug inserted into the body cavity: packing Suppository/ medicated in rectum/vagina.
      3. Instillations: Ear, Eye, Nasal, Bladder & Rectal.
      4. Irrigations: Eye, Ear, Bladder, Vaginal and rectal
      5. Spraying: Nose and throat.
  • Inhalation:
    • Purposes, types of equipment, procedure, of inhalation
    • Nasal, oral, endotracheal/tracheal (steam, oxygen and medications), & the special considerations.
    • Recording and reporting of medications administered

Unit:-13 Meeting needs of Perioperative patients:

  • Definition and concept of Perioperative Nursing
  • Preoperative Phase:
    • Preparation of the patient for surgery
  • Intraoperative:
    • Operation theatre set up and environment
    • Role of nurse
  • Postoperative Phase:
    • Recovery unit
    • Post-operative unit
    • Postoperative care,
  • Wounds:
    • Types, Classifications, wound Healing Process, Factors affecting Wound, & Complications of Wound Healing
  • Surgical asepsis
  • Care of the sound:
  • Types, equipment, procedure and special considerations
    • Dressings, Suture, care
    • Care of Drainage
    • Application of Bandages, Binders, Splints & Slings
    • Heat and Cold Therapy

Unit:-14 Meeting the special needs of the patient:

  • Care of patients having alternation in-
    • Temperature (hyper and hypothermia); Types, Assessment & Management
    • Sensorium (Unconsciousness); Assessment & Management
    • sensory organs functioning: (Visual & hearing impairment)
    • Assessment of Self-Care ability
    • Communication Methods special consideration.
    • Self-care ability of mobility (physically challenged, cast), assessment:
      • Communication Methods & special considerations
    • Self-Care ability of mental state (Mentally challenged) assessment;
    • Communication Methods & special considerations
    • Respiration (distress); Types, Assessment & Management
    • Comfort- (Pain)- Nature, Types, Factors influencing pain, Coping, assessment & Management;
  • Treatments related to the gastrointestinal system:
    • nasogastric suction, gastric irrigation, gastric analysis

Unit:-15 Care of the Terminally ill patient

  • Concepts of Loss, Grief, grieving Process
  • Signs of clinical death
  • Care of dying patient:
    • Special considerations – Advance directives:
    • Euthanasia, will, dying declaration & organ donation etc.
  • Medico-legal issues
  • Care of dead body: equipment, procedure & care of the unit.
  • Autopsy
  • Embalming

Unit:-16 Professional Nursing concepts and practices:

  • The conceptual and theoretical model of nursing practice:
    • Introduction to models- health promotion model, holistic model & health belief model etc.
  • Introduction to Theories in Nursing:
    • Peplau’s,
    • Henderson’s,
    • Orem’s,
    • Neuman’s,
    • Roger’s and Roy’s.
  • Linking theories with the nursing process.

Psychology Syllabus of BSc Nursing 1st Year

This particular subject is built according to the INC syllabus of Bsc nursing 1st year that enables students to perfect their knowledge of psychology & develop behaviour insight into self and others.


Unit:-1 Introduction:

  • History of the science of psychology
  • Origin of the science of psychology
  • Definitions and scope of psychology
  • Relevance to Nursing
  • Methods of Psychology

Unit:- 2 Biology of behaviour:

  • Body Mind relationships – of modulation process in Health.
  • Genetics and behaviour: Heredity and environment
  • Brain & Behavior: Neurons, synapse & Nervous system.
  • Association Cortex, Rt and Lt Hemispheres
  • Psychology of Sensations
  • Muscular and glandular controls of behaviour.
  • Nature of behaviour of organisms & incorporated responses.

Unit:- 3 Cognitive Processes:

  • Attention: Types, Duration, determinants, & Degree, alterations
  • Perception: – Meaning, Principles, factors affecting, errors
  • Learning Nature: – Theories, Types, learner & learning, factors influencing, laws & process, transfer, study habits
  • Memory: – Nature, meaning, types, factors influencing, development theories methods of memorizing and Forgetting
  • Thinking: – Types and levels, stages of development, Relationships with language & communication
  • Intelligence: – Meaning, Classification, Uses, theories.
  • Aptitude: –
    • Types & Concepts of aptitude
    • Individual differences and variability of aptitude.
  • Psychometric assessments of cognitive, Processes.
  • Alterations in cognitive processes
  • Applications

Unit:- 4 Motivation and Emotional Processes:

  • Motivation: Meaning, Concepts, Types, Theories, Motives and behaviour, Conflict and frustration, conflict resolution.
  • Emotions & Stress :
    • Emotion: – Theory, definition, Changes in emotions, components, emotional adjustments, emotions in health & illness.
  • Stress: Stressor, cycle, effect, adaptation & Coping
  • Attitude: – Meaning, nature, development, factors affecting. Behaviour and attitudes.
  • Attitudinal Change
  • Psychometric assessments of emotions and attitudes.
  • Alterations in emotions
  • Applications.

Unit:- 5 Personality:

  • Definitions, topography, factors affecting personality, types, theories
  • Psychometric assessments of personality.
  • Alterations in personality
  • Applications

Unit:- 6 Developmental Psychology:

  • Psychology of people from infancy to old age.
  • Psychology of weakened individuals – women, Challenged & sick.
  • Psychology of groups.

Unit:- 7 Mental hygiene and mental health:

  • Concepts of mental hygiene and mental health.
  • Characteristics of a mentally healthy person.
  • Warning signs of poor m mental health.
  • Promotive and Preventive mental health strategies and services.
  • Ego Defense mechanisms and implications.
  • Personal and social adjustments.
  • Guidance and Counseling
  • Role of nurse

Unit:- 8 Psychological assessment & tests:

  • Types of psychological assessment.
  • Principles of psychological assessment.
  • Development & Characteristics of psychological assessment.
  • Uses of psychological assessments
  • Interpretations
  • Role of the nurse in psychological assessment.

Microbiology Syllabus of BSc Nursing 1st Year:

Microbiology is the most important subject. This subject is especially included in the syllabus of Bsc Nursing 1st year to gain basic knowledge of Microbiology & help to identification of the various microorganism.



  • Importance and relevance to nursing
  • Historical Perspective
  • Concepts and terminology
  • Principles of microbiology

Unit:-2 General characteristics of Microbes

  • Structure and classification of Microbes.
  • Morphological types.
  • Size and form of bacteria.
  • Motility
  • Colonization Growth and nutrition of microbes:
    • Temperature
    • Moisture
    • Blood and body fluids
  • Laboratory methods for Identification of Micro-organisms.
  • Staining Techniques, Gram staining,
  • Acid-fast staining & Hanging drop preparation
  • Culture: Various Media

Unit:-3 Infection Control

  • Infection: Sources Portals of entry transmission & exit.
  • Asepsis
  • Disinfection: Types and methods.
  • Sterilization: Types and Methods.
  • Chemotherapy and antibiotics.
  • Standard safety measures.
  • Biomedical waste management
  • Role of the nurse.
  • Hospital-acquired infection
  • Hospital infection control programme
  • Protocols, collection of samples, preparation of report and status of the rate of infection in the unit/ hospital nurses accountability, continuing education etc.

Unit:-4 Pathogenic organisms:

  • Micro-organisms :
  • Cocci – gram-positive and gram-negative
  • Bacilli – gram-positive and gram-negative
  • Spirochaete
    • Mycoplasma
    • Rickettsiae
  • Chlamydiae
    • Viruses
    • Fungi – Superficial and Deep mycoses
    • Parasites
  • Rodents & vectors Characteristics, Source, Portal of entry, the transmission of infection.

Unit:-5 Immunity:

  • Immunity – Types, Classification
  • Antigen and antibody reaction.
  • Hypersensitivity – skin test
  • Serological tests
  • Immunoprophylaxis :
    • Vaccines & sera–
      • Types & Classification, Storage & handling cold chain.
  • Immunization for various diseases
  • Immunization Schedule


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KUSH BSC nursing 1st Year syllabus

BSc nursing 1st Year Syllabus of Kerala University of Health Sciences (KUHS) including this all subject as mention bellow. You will get the syllabus of BSc nursing 1st year from the above link.
1. Anatomy
2. Physiology
3. Microbiology
4. Biochemistry
5. Nutrition
6. Psychology
7. Sociology
8. Nursing Foundation
9. English
10. Introduction to Computers
11. Library work / Self-study
12. Co-curricular Activities

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